Posted in Finance

Buying and Selling Financial Instruments

financial instruments

When we talk about financial instruments, we understand that these are assets that can be traded. They can also be seen as packages of capital that may be traded. Most types of financial instruments provide an efficient flow and transfer of capital all throughout the world’s investors.

These financial instruments can be cash, a contractual right to deliver or receive cash or another type of financial instrument, or evidence of one’s ownership of an entity.

However, when we talk about buying and selling financial instruments, we talk about one of the most beneficial investments one can ever think of. There are plenty of financial instruments available for you when it comes to the types of financial instruments. They can be termed as – cash instruments and derivative instruments.

The values of cash instruments are directly influenced and determined by the markets. These can be securities that are easily transferable. Cash instruments may also be deposits and loans agreed upon by borrowers and lenders.

The value and characteristics of derivative instruments are based on the vehicle’s underlying components, such as assets, interest rates or indices. These can be over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives or exchange-traded derivatives.

There is a list of financial instruments available for you which are typically used by the companies. Here is the list –

  1. Simple bonds – These are bonds issued by companies that represent an effective means of financing. They constitute long-term debts.
  2. Compound bonds – These bonds can be composed of variable interests or rights.
  3. Convertible bonds – When you are a bearer of this bond, you can receive fixed interests and also can become the shareholder of the company to which you are lending according to the conditions stated in the issue contract
  4. Profit participative bonds
  5. Equity Loans
  6. Tracker certificate
  7. PEC or Preferred Equity Certificate
  8. CPEC or Convertible Preferred Equity Certificate

There are a lot of benefits of buying and selling financial instruments and you can be benefited to a great extent. All you need to do is opt for the right financial instrument and turn into the right broker for better help with all the queries you have.

There are plenty of financial groups who can help you with these and help you making the right decision. Make sure you ask all the right questions before making any decisions and you understand what you are up to. Good luck!

Posted in Finance

Let’s Talk about Various Banking Instruments

Banks offer various types of instruments through which the financial transactions can take place. In our daytime day life, one might have experienced use of deposit slip, withdrawal slip or even cheques but there are other types of instruments which banks do use for transactions and among them, some are public instruments which mean, any account holder could use that instrument for financial transactions.

Before going into details of the banking instruments, one should know about two types instruments.

One is negotiable bank instruments and the other one is nonnegotiable bank instruments.

Negotiable instruments are those instruments which can be transferred from one person to another. Since it is negotiable, it can transferable.

Non-negotiable instruments are those instruments which aren’t transferable from one person to the other and hence, they are specific in nature. This s the main difference between negotiable and non-negotiable instruments where one can be transferred and the other one doesn’t give permission to be transferred.

When we talk about negotiable instruments and there are mainly 4 primary types of instruments which serve their own purpose. Those instruments are cheques, bank draft, bill of exchange and promissory notes.

They are characterized by the fact that, they are freely transferable, unconditional, in writing and payable on demand.

On the other hand, the characteristics of nonnegotiable instruments are that it can be transferred. For example, government bonds are a perfect example of non-negotiable bonds. They can only be redeemed by the owner and others cannot redeem it at any cost.

In our daily life, we use one instrument more than the other.  For example, someone will love to deal with cheques but he or she may not be comfortable while dealing with cash. As such, it gives a convenient of not having to carry a lot of money. And since these are written they are generally secured.

Moreover, promissory notes or demand drafts also play a key role in banking instruments. For example, a demand draft guarantees to pay that exact amount to the person/organization whose name is written on the demand draft.

Thus it is the bank instruments which have the power to make economy bigger and more efficient in nature. This kind of instrument plays a pivotal role in the economy. It is these instruments through which transactions can actually take place. Hence, these instruments are the essential part of the financial system of an economy.

Posted in Finance

Various Facts of Leased Bank Instruments

banking instrument

Using bank instruments is one of the most common things in today’s time. A lot of companies use these various instruments to make various arrangements and financial improvements in their business. There are plenty of instruments available for anyone to monetize or lease such as – SBLC, bank guarantee, Letter of Credits and many more.

However, there are a few unknown facts about these banking instruments and leasing these instruments involves the temporary assignment of an instrument for an agreed upon fee between the instrument owner and prospective borrower. This is similar to the idea of “proof of funds”, which has been around for years. To summarize, if the owner assigns the funds to a temporary beneficiary, that beneficiary may be able to show these funds for future transactions which require proof of sufficient capital. The problem with this isn’t so much the leasing of the assets, but rather the leasing of the bank instrument.

However, there are a few rarely known facts about these instruments you must know. They are –

1.    Leased instruments are rarely used – When it comes to private placement programs, leased bank instruments are rarely used. So when you lease a bank instrument, first you won’t be able to use it in private placement programs and then again, the bank will not allow you to block the instrument in other person’s favor. Because the instrument has been leased and it is already encumbered by the REAL owner when it was leased to you.

2.    It is quite rare to get a loan out of a leased bank instrument as you don’t own it – The bank will not really give you a loan for your leased bank instrument because you don’t own it. If the collateral is owned by another individual who has not signed off on the loan contract, the bank can’t seize that person’s collateral, and therefore, the bank would not loan to anyone but the real owner of the asset.  In short, your only option for a loan against a leased bank instrument would be from a private lender.

3.    Bank Instrument Leasing Contracts only Protect the Provider and Brokers – The leased bank instruments don’t have any guarantee or protection provided by the broker and the providers. This allows them to block an instrument in your favor with restrictions, and if you can’t use it for anything, it’s your loss. Even though they may have to “deliver” the instrument via SWIFT before the money is released from Escrow, there is no guarantee that this instrument will be delivered properly, or that it will still be applicable to the opportunity you were using it for.

Posted in Finance

Buying and Selling Financial Instruments

selling financial instruments

Financial instruments are one of the best ways to improve your financial status and one of the best investments. There are quite a number of financial instruments that you can buy and sell.

What are financial instruments?

Financial instruments are basically assets that can be traded. Bu trading we mean you can buy and sell financial instruments. However, one can also take financial instruments to be a package of capital and it can provide you an efficient flow and transfer of capital all throughout the world’s investors.

The financial instruments can be either cash, contracts that posses a right to deliver or receive cash or any other type of financial instrument or it can also be evidence to one’s ownership of a particular entity.

What are the types of financial Instruments?

Financial instruments have various types and kinds but on a much broader sense, it can be divided into cash instruments and derivative instruments. The cash instruments and its value is directly determined as well as influenced by the market condition. The cash instruments can be easily transferred or can be deposited and can also be borrowed or lent.

The derivative instruments however, are basically based on the particular vehicle’s components. These components can be assets, the interest rates or the indices.

Buying and Selling Financial Instruments

As we have mentioned earlier, financial instruments are assets that can be traded. There are a lot of ways you can buy and sell these instruments and be benefited from the same. But, you must know how to or what are the ways of buying and selling the instruments. Here is how –

1.    You can trade financial instruments through brokers

2.    You can trade financial instruments directly from the company that issues them

3.    You can also buy and sell financial instruments through banks

4.    Or you can choose individual investors to trade financial instruments

Trading financial instruments can benefit you to a great extent. However, you must know that that buying or selling financial instruments have a lot of risks involved and you must make sure that you know in and out of the same. It is always advisable to look out for the potential risks before you trade financial instruments through any of the above mentioned ways. Your broker or the bank you are dealing with knows much better than you do. And trust us; no one will give you false information regarding anything. Ask relevant questions, clear your mind and then go for the trading.